Orbital welding had its beginnings in the development of aeronautical technology, where a type of welding was needed that was capable of withstanding high pressures and be used for welding the hydraulic lines of aircraft and spacecraft. Orbital welding was developed by Gasparas Kazlauskas, a North American aeronautical engineer, who developed the technique to meet the requirements of the aeronautical industry at that time. Orbital welding is a method where cylindrical elements are welded in a circular way or that are going to be fixed somewhere (as is the case with tubes).
When welding using this technique, it works through the gas tungsten arc, where the base of the heat source is the electric arc, which melts the base material; in this way, the welding is achieved. Thanks to a large amount of heat, the materials fuse together, achieving safer and more efficient welding.
How is this type of welding applied?
This type of welding is used in very small spaces due to the ease with which it allows two pieces to be joined; it is also used when working with materials with non-conventional shapes, allowing welding and metal construction in the same way.
Advantages of orbital welding
When we talk about welds, we find different problems; one of them is the molten material that will fall by gravity due to the action of the flame heat when we are welding; this element is key when we talk about limitations in the position of the welds; however, this problem disappears when orbital welding is used, since this type of welding allows us to work in all positions. Orbital welding allows us to have superior quality in the weld bead, as well as a safer process for the structure and the operator. Another advantage is that orbital welding is very user-friendly to handle and control.
Orbital welding, when well applied, produces high-quality jobs at a reduced cost, in addition to allowing us to have a cleaner work area, which consequently pollutes less. Another advantage is that being a programmable process allows us to work on a recurring basis in the same process, having the same results in all operations and with the best quality standards.
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