Boilers are machines that have the objective of generating steam by heating water using heat, which is caused by the consumption of non-nuclear fuel or by resistance electricity; this process is carried out in a chamber where combustion occurs, for later (across a surface) perform heat transfer. Boilers are used in various areas, such as the food industry, transportation, health, etc.
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code establish standards for the inspection of boilers and pressure vessels. A component under pressure that is designed, manufactured, and supervised per these standards will have a long useful life, which will ensure the integrity of the infrastructure and the protection of human life; however, one of the essential factors in this regard is the periodic inspection and maintenance of the boilers.
A boiler is made up of various parts, which work together to achieve the expected result. Through periodic maintenance, we can be sure that these parts are in optimum condition and function correctly or efficiently (in addition to reducing the risk of severe damage to both personnel and facilities). Boilers have different types of maintenance depending on their frequency: from “daily” maintenance to “semi-annual” or “annual” maintenance.
Reasons for periodic maintenance
Among the main reasons why periodic maintenance should be done on a boiler are the following:
– Protection of personnel: Any technical error in a boiler due to lack of maintenance can lead to accidents and endanger the health and integrity of the personnel.
– Comply with the corresponding legal framework: When maintaining a boiler, the different local regulations and laws are complied with, which is essential to provide quality service and offer safety to the personnel, in addition to avoiding possible legal problems.
– Optimize the performance of a boiler: the lack of maintenance of a boiler can cause its performance to be reduced, to stop working, or reduce its useful life considerably.
– Avoid unnecessary expenses: in many occasions, the maintenance of a boiler helps prevent major operational problems, which avoids additional costs for the company or business.
– Lower emission of toxic gases: maintenance-free boilers can produce some toxic gases, such as carbon monoxide; however, with proper maintenance, these types of incidents can be avoided, in addition to improving the environment and improving the energy efficiency of the system.
What do you think about this topic? Did you know the importance of periodic boiler maintenance?
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